Tortugas Marinas en Bahía de Banderas

Tortuga marina desovando en playa de Nuevo Vallarta

La temporada de anidación de tortugas marinas es de Junio a Diciembre y en las playas de Nuevo Vallarta recibimos a cientos de tortugas que llegan a dejar sus huevos. En el Hotel Villa Varadero hemos tenido la gran oportunidad de acoger a varias tortugas que llegaron a desovar esta temporada. Con suerte, la próxima vez que nos visiten, ustedes también podrán ser parte de este maravilloso y excitante evento.

Las tortugas marinas las encontramos en todos los océanos de aguas templadas y tropicales. En la tierra son lentas, pero en el agua son muy rápidas, ágiles y excelentes nadadoras. Las tortugas pueden llegar a vivir hasta 150 o 200 años según su especie.

Los machos suelen ser más pequeños que las hembras y tienen colas más largas y anchas. Los machos no son comúnmente vistos en tierra porque son las hembras las que depositan los huevos en la playa. Entre los 6 y los 12 años de edad, las tortugas maduran sexualmente, la reproducción es rara vez vista en la costa cerca de la playa porque se suele dar en aguas más profundas.

tortuga recien nacida en Nuevo VallartaLos huevos tardan de dos a tres semanas en formarse dentro de la hembra. Las tortugas tienen que hacer un recorrido muy largo y con muchos obstáculos por la playa hasta encontrar el lugar perfecto para el desove. El lugar del desove debe de estar libre de vegetación y los huevos deben ser depositados lejos de la marea alta. La tortuga hace un hoyo como de 60cm y deposita de 50 a 100 huevos.

Las nuevas tortugas tratan de emerger en la noche cuando la temperatura baja y no hay tantos predadores. Lastortugas saliendo del nido pequeñas tortugas siempre esperan hasta que todas sus hermanas salgan del huevo, así salen todas a la vez dirigiéndose al mar.

Desafortunadamente, las tortugas marinas están en peligro de extinción por todos los peligros a los que se enfrentan. Para protegerlas, el Gobierno Mexicano declaró veda total a la explotación de las tortugas y sus huevos y se han instalado campamentos tortugueros en las playas de mayor anidación en las costas del Golfo de México, Mar Caribe, Océano Pacífico y Golfo de California. En estos campamentos, tortugueros siembran los huevos que las de las tortugas depositan en las playas en nidos artificiales, minimizando así las posibilidades de depredación por parte de hombre, cangrejos, perros y aves, entre otras.

En la Bahía de Banderas se han establecido campamentos en las playas clave para la protección de millares de huevos de tortuga Golfina – que es la más común en esta área – y de otras especies como la tortuga Laúd – gigantesca y espectacular – la más grande de las tortugas marinas.

conservacion de huevos de tortugas marinas en Nuevo VallartaEl programa de conservación ha sido exitoso gracias al esfuerzo compartido de las autoridades, las organizaciones conservacionistas no gubernamentales (ONG), la población civil y la iniciativa privada. Así que si ves a una tortuga desovando llama a Semarnat o avisa en el hotel en el que te estés hospedando, para que avisen a los campamentos de tortugas y lleguen a recolectar los huevitos para llevarlos a un lugar de incubación seguro.

El campamento de Nuevo Vallarta ofrece la oportunidad de ser uno de los afortunados que liberan a las crías. Lasliberando tortugas en Nuevo Vallarta liberaciones suceden por las tardes, alrededor de las 18:00 hrs, y para tener derecho a soltar una de las tortuguitas sólo hay que contribuir con 20 pesos para el mantenimiento del campamento. Aún con la protección humana solo logran sobrevivir entre un 3% y 5% de las tortugas liberadas.

En el Hotel Villa Varadero protegemos a las tortugas y te invitamos a ser parte de esta experiencia.

Sea Turtles in Banderas Bay (ENGLISH)

The sea turtle’s nesting season is from June through December and the beaches of Nuevo Vallarta have hundreds of turtles that come to lay their eggs. At Hotel Villa Varadero, we’ve had the honor of “hosting” a number of turtles this season on our beach. Hopefully, the next time you visit with us you can be a part of this wonderful and exciting event.

Sea turtles can be found in all temperate and tropical ocean waters. When they are on land, they travel slowly but they are very fast, agile and excellent swimmers in the water. Turtles can live up to 150 to 200 years.

Males are generally smaller than females and have longer, wider tails. The males are not commonly seen on land because the females deposit eggs on the beach. Between 6 and 12 years old, a sea turtle will sexually mature. Reproduction is rarely seen along the coast because it usually occurs in deeper waters.

tutles liberation at Nuevo Vallarta New newborn turtle eggs take two to three weeks to form inside the female. The turtles have to make a long journey with many obstacles along the beach to find the perfect place to lay the eggs. The ideal location should be free of vegetation and the eggs should be deposited far from high tide. The turtle makes a hole as deep as 60cm (24in) and deposits 50 to 100 eggs.

The newborn turtles emerge at night when temperatures drop and there are not many predators. The hatchlings always wait until all the hatchlings are out of their eggs so that they can leave together toward the sea.

Unfortunately, sea turtles are endangered because of all the dangers they face. To protect them, the Mexican government declared a total ban on the exploitation of turtles and turtle eggs. Turtle camps have been installed in centro de conservacion de tortugas en Nuevo Vallarta the most common nesting beaches on the shores of the Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean, Pacific and Gulf of California. In these camps, planted turtle eggs of turtles that lay on the beaches in artificial nests, thus minimizing the chances of predation by man, crabs, dogs and birds, among others.

Banderas Bay has established camps on key beaches for the protection of thousands of Olive Ridley turtle eggs, which is the most common type in this area, plus other species such as leatherback turtles, which are giant and spectacular — the largest sea turtles.

There is a new Mexican conservation program (there is no translation page available for the official website) that has been successful thanks to joint efforts by the Mexican authorities, conservation organizations (NGOs), the general public, and the private sector. So, if you see a turtle nesting, please call Semarnat or tell someone at the hotel where you’re staying to alert the turtle camps who will come collect the eggs and take them to a safe breeding ground.

Nuevo Vallarta camp offers the chance to be one of the lucky ones that release their young. Nuevo Vallarta releases Torturgas liberadas al maroccur in the evening, around 6:00pm, and for privilege to release one of the turtles yourself, you only only have to contribute $20USD towards maintaining the camp. Even with human protection, sea turtle survival is only between 3% and 5% of the turtles released.

The Hotel Villa Varadero protects these turtles and we invite you to be part of this experience.

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24 Responses to Tortugas Marinas en Bahía de Banderas

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